Francois Charles Armand Fillon (French François Charles Armand Fillon) - French statesman and politician. He was Minister of Labor in the government of Prime Minister Pierre Raffarin from 2002 to 2004. Minister of Education of France in the government of Jean-Pierre Raffarin from 2004 to 2005. Prime Minister of France from May 17, 2007 to May 10, 2012 (under President Nicolas Sarkozy).
Place of Birth. Education. François Fillon was born on March 4, 1954 in the town of Le Mans in the Sarthe department in the northwest of the country. His family had deep roots in the region. His father was a lawyer, and his mother Anna Fillon is a well-known historian in France. At school he was one of the best students. Received a good education. In 1977 he received a PhD in Public Law from the Paris Descartes University in Paris. In 1977, he received a PhD in political science from the National Political Science Foundation.
Political career. 1976-1977 - Assistant MP for Sarthe.
In 1977-1978 - First Assistant Minister of Transport.
In 1980 - the first assistant to the Minister of Defense.
In 1981 - First Assistant to the Minister of Industry.
In 1982 - head of the legislative and parliamentary work of the apparatus of the Minister of Industry.
From 1981-1986 he was a member of the city council of Sables-sur-Sarthe. Deputy Mayor.
In 1981-1992 - Vice-President of the General Council of the Department of Sarthe.
In 1982, 1986, 1988, 1993, 1997, 2002 he was elected as a deputy of the National Assembly.
In 1983-2001 he was mayor of the commune of Sables-sur-Sarthe.
From 1981-1998 he was a member of the council of the canton of Sables-sur-Sarthe.
In 1986-1988 - Chairman of the Defense Commission in the National Assembly.
In 1992-1998 - Chairman of the General Council of the Department of Sarthe.
In 1993-1995 - Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research.
In 1995-1997 - Minister of Information Technology and Posts, Minister Delegate of Posts, Telecommunications and Space.
In 1997-1999, he was secretary of the Union in Support of the Republic party for trade union affairs.
In 1997-1999, he was the official representative of the executive commission of the Unification in Support of the Republic party.
In 1998-2002 - President of the Regional Council of the Loire Country.
In 1999-2001, he was a political adviser to the Unification in Support of the Republic party.
In May 2002 - March 2004 - Minister of Social Affairs, Labor and Solidarity.
In 2002-2004 - Vice-President of the Regional Council of the Loire Country.
In March 2004 - June 2005 - Minister of Education, Higher Education and Research.
In 2004, 2005 - election as a senator from the Department of Sarthe.
In 2005-2007, he was political adviser to Nicolas Sarkozy, leader of the Union for a Popular Movement.
In 2007 - the head of the election campaign, Nicolas Sarkozy.
May 17, 2007 - appointed by President Nicolas Sarkozy to the post of Prime Minister of the country.
June 17, 2012 - was elected in the second constituency of Paris, a member of the National Assembly of France.
Fillon is the second longest-serving prime minister (after Georges Pompidou in 1962-1968) of the Fifth Republic's prime ministers. He is the only one to have been Prime Minister of France for a full presidential term.
According to the results of the intra-party elections held in November 2016, he was nominated by the "Republicans" as a candidate for the presidency of the Republic. In the first round of the presidential election, Francois Fillon received 19.91% of the vote, Emmanuel Macron - 23.75%, Le Pen - 21.53%, Jean-Luc Mélenchon - 19.64%. Thus, Macron and Le Pen advanced to the second round.
November 19, 2017 Fillon stepped down from the leadership of the analytical center Republican strength, which he founded in 2002 (Bruno Retaio became the new chairman of the association).
Views. Estimates. On January 23, 2017, candidate François Fillon declared that European Union sanctions against Russia are meaningless. He added that the Russian Federation and the United States can improve relations without taking into account the interests of the EU.
Election scandal. On January 26, 2017, it was reported that the financial department of the French prosecutor's office launched an investigative check into the work of Fillon's wife Penélope Clark as her husband's parliamentary assistant: the wife of a presidential candidate allegedly received large sums of money for years at a fictitious workplace. Prosecutors later expanded the investigation to include payments to Fillon's two children. The politician himself has already apologized, saying that he "made a mistake" when he hired his wife and children. This, however, was not enough to save Fillon's rating from a partial drop.
Family. François Fillon has two younger brothers, Dominique and Pierre. Dominic became a famous pianist. François Fillon's wife, nee Penelope Clark, comes from Wales, also from a family of lawyers. Her younger sister Jane married Charles's younger brother, Pierre. Charles and Penelope have five children: Marie, Charles, Antoine, Edouard and Arno. The family lives in the village of Sables-sur-Sarthe in a castle they bought in 1993.