Place of Birth. Education. Born in the capital of Azerbaijan, Baku. Father - Kim Moiseevich Weinstein - worked as an energy engineer. Mother - Klara Shagenovna Kasparova - an engineer by profession, a specialist in automation and telemechanics.
Graduated from the Azerbaijan Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages.
Biography pages. Kasparov learned to play chess at the age of five, watching his parents play. His father loved this ancient game, as well as music and poetry. Noticing the unique abilities of his son, Weinstein decided that chess should still be preferred to music, and this was the fate of the boy.
In 1985, Kasparov defeated Anatoly Karpov in a world championship match and became the 13th world chess champion. Then he defended this title five more times.
In the late 1980s, he undertook a struggle against the dogmatic forms of FIDE leadership, sought to attract large world companies to chess as investors. He became the initiator and founder of several chess organizations - the International Association of Grandmasters (1988), the Professional Chess Association (1993), which played an important role in promoting chess and held a number of major international competitions, in particular, the 1995 World Championship
In 1996 in Philadelphia and in 1997 in New York, Kasparov played matches against IBM's "Deep Blue" supercomputer. The huge popularity of these games around the world has become a unique demonstration of the capabilities of man and machine.
Kasparov still retains the best rating in the world, despite a match loss to Vladimir Kramnik in 2000.
In 1984, Kasparov joined the CPSU, was elected a member of the Komsomol Central Committee. In 1990, he left the Communist Party. He took an active part in the creation of the Democratic Party of Russia (DPR) in May 1990. In June 1993, he participated in the creation of the electoral bloc Choice of Russia. In 1996, as part of the presidential campaign, he supported the candidacy of the first Russian president, Boris Yeltsin. In 2001, he defended the disgraced NTV channel.
In March 2005, Kasparov won another super tournament in Linares (Spain) and announced the end of his chess career. The decision to leave the world of professional chess was connected with the intention to devote most of the time to social and political activities.
Garry Kasparov is co-chairman of the All-Russian Civil Congress "Russia for democracy, against dictatorship". In 2005, on his initiative, the socio-political movement United Civil Front was created, whose activists elected Kasparov as chairman of the movement. A longtime and bitter opponent of the policies of Russian President Vladimir Putin. Supporter of liberal ideas and values.
For several years of active political activity, Kasparov traveled to more than 30 regions of Russia, met with thousands of citizens. In 2006, with his participation, a coalition of political and civil forces, Another Russia, was created.
In 2007, at a congress of the Other Russia coalition, Kasparov was chosen as the united opposition candidate for the 2008 presidential election. The authorities prevented the initiative group to nominate Kasparov from holding a meeting in Moscow, refusing to rent seven premises and thus making it impossible to run for the presidency, which eventually went to pro-Kremlin candidate Dmitry Medvedev.
Since 2008 - member of the Bureau of the United Democratic Movement "Solidarity". One of the initiators of the mass signature campaign "Putin must go."
IN 2014 condemned Russia's takeover of Crimea and Russian actions in connection with the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine, and called on Western leaders to increase pressure on Putin. Garry Kasparov considers Crimea a territory of Ukraine.
December 6, 2014 in Kiev gave a simultaneous game session with volunteers and fighters ATO.
Family. Kasparov was married three times. In 1989, he married a graduate of the philological faculty of Moscow State University, Intourist guide-translator Maria Arapova. In 1992, the daughter Polina was born, in 1993 the couple separated. Later, Maria and her daughter moved to the USA.
In 1996, Kasparov married 18-year-old economics student Yulia Vovk. At the end of the same year, their son Vadim was born. In 2005, the marriage broke up.
In 2005, Kasparov married Daria Tarasova from St. Petersburg. In 2006, they had a daughter, Aida, on July 6, 2015, a son, Nikolai.
Kasparov owns real estate in Moscow, St. Petersburg, New York and New Jersey.
In February 2014, Kasparov received Croatian citizenship, where he has a house in the seaside resort town of Makarska.
Hobby. Football, tennis, running, gymnastics, swimming.