Place of Birth. Education. He was born in the village of Kafr el Musylha in the governorate of Manufia in the Nile Delta. In 1949 he graduated from the military academy, in 1952 - from the air force academy. Later he underwent military training in the USSR.
Career. Participated in the Suez war of 1956 and in the civil war of 1962-1963. in Yemen as part of the Egyptian contingent, commanded a bomber squadron.
In 1969, the President appointed Mubarak Chief of Staff of the Egyptian Air Force. In 1972, he was Commander of the Air Force and Deputy Minister of Defense of Egypt, and the following year he received the rank of Air Chief Marshal.
Since 1965, he commanded an aviation brigade and was the head of the air base in Cairo.
He took part in the Arab-Israeli war of 1967.
Since 1967 - Head of the Air Force Academy.
In 1970 he was appointed Chief of Staff of the Egyptian Air Force. He led several successful air force combat operations in 1970-1972 during the war between Egypt and Israel.
In 1972 he became Commander of the Egyptian Air Force and Deputy Minister of Defense of Egypt. In 1973, he led the military operations of the Egyptian Air Force during the Yom Kippur War.
In 1974 he was promoted to Air Chief Marshal.
In 1975 he was appointed vice president.
In 1978 he became vice-chairman of the National Democratic Party, in 1981 - the general secretary of the party.
In 1981, he took the post of the President who died as a result of an assassination attempt. Re-elected by majority vote in referenda in 1987, 1993 and 1999. In 2005, he was elected during the elections under the new system.
In 1989 and 1993 was elected chairman of the Organization of African Unity.
In February 2011, as a result of popular unrest, he resigned his presidential powers, transferring power to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.
Mubarak was sentenced to life in prison in 2012 on charges of abuse of power and involvement in the killings of demonstrators in Cairo. In November 2014, Mubarak was acquitted in this case.
In April 2015, information appeared about the death of Mubarak, but there was no official confirmation.
In January 2016, an appeals court upheld a corruption conviction against Mubarak and his sons, carrying a three-year prison term and a fine of over $15.5 million.
On March 2, 2017, the Egyptian Court of Cassation cleared Mubarak of all charges of involvement in the death of demonstrators during the days of the January 2011 revolution. This decision is final and no longer subject to appeal. Thus, against Hosni Mubarak, all criminal prosecutions have been completed. The rest of the defendants in this case, including the ex-head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and six high-ranking officials, have already been acquitted, and the criminal groups backed by the Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas have been found guilty. On March 24, Mubarak left the military hospital and returned home after six years in prison.
Regalia and awards. He was awarded the highest Egyptian orders "Military Star of Honor" (1973), "Star of Sinai" (1973), "Nile Necklace" (1974), other orders and medals of Egypt. Almost all the awards received during military service. For 30 years of presidency, he was awarded only commemorative badges and awards from foreign states. Winner of the Jawaharlal Nehru Prize.
Family. Married to Suzanne Sabet. The couple have two sons - Alaa and Gamal. In September 2018, Alaa and Gamal Mubaraki were arrested, accused of stock market fraud during their father's rule.
Death. February 25, 2023 Hosni Mubarak died at the age of 91.