Place of Birth. Education. François Hollande was born in Rouen to an otolaryngologist and social worker. In 1968, together with his family, he moved to the prestigious suburb of Paris, Neuilly-sur-Seine, where he graduated from the Lyceum. He received his higher education at the HEC-Paris business school and the Paris Institute of Political Studies. In 1980 he graduated from the National School of Management.
Career. In 1974, as a student, he participated as a volunteer in the presidential campaign of the future French President Francois Mitterrand (1981-1995).
In 1979 he joined the Socialist Party, which by that time was headed by Mitterrand.
In 1980 - for some time he worked as an auditor in the Accounts Chamber.
In 1981, Hollande became part of a team of economic advisers close to the president (Mitterrand). In the same year, he ran for the National Assembly in the Corrèze district, but lost the election to the future president Jacques Chirac (1995-2007).
In 1984 he returned to work at the Accounts Chamber.
In 1988-1993 and 1997-2012 - Member of the National Assembly. In 1997, he took the post of First Secretary of the French Socialist Party, which he held until 2008.
In 2001-2008 - Mayor of the 15,000th city of Tulle.
In May 2012, he won as a candidate of the Socialist Party in the second round of the presidential elections, receiving 51.64% of the vote.
As president, Hollande legalized same-sex marriage without a referendum, which caused massive protests by right-wing and ultra-right forces in the country. Since promises to improve the situation on the labor market and achieve an increase in economic growth did not materialize, the popularity of Hollande and the Socialist Party fell sharply. In 2014, the Socialist Party was defeated in the municipal and European Parliament elections.
In foreign policy, Hollande managed to build close partnerships with the administration of Barack Obama in the United States and German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Hollande used French troops to fight Islamist groups in Mali and Central Africa in 2013. He was also a supporter of a failed military operation against Bashar al-Assad's regime in Syria in 2013, which led to a chill in relations with China and Russia, which finance the Assad regime.
Hollande actively opposed Russian aggression in Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea, but did not cancel the contract with Moscow for the production of Mistral warships, which are expected to be based at the naval base in Sevastopol.
François Hollande did not run for president in 2017. On December 1, 2016, François Hollande announced his decision. Became the only president of the Fifth Republic not running for a second term. In the 2017 presidential election, François Hollande supported Emmanuel Macron.
Views. Despite his Catholic upbringing, he considers himself an agnostic. Supporter of the legalization of same-sex marriage. He is a representative of the right wing of the Socialist Party, positions himself as a moderate social democrat.
Family. 1978-2007 - civil marriage with Segolene Royal (born 1953). The couple had four children: sons Tom (born 1984) and Julien (born 1987), daughters Clemence (born 1985) and Flora (born 1992).
2007-2014 Hollande was actually married to journalist Valerie Trierweiler.
In January 2014, information appeared in the French media that Hollande was dating actress Julie Gayet.