Fire Blankets, also known as Fire Safety Blankets, are essential tools that can save lives and property from fire-related damage. They provide a highly effective barrier to extinguish or control flames and smoke, making them invaluable tools for anyone in an environment where fire could be a risk. They are made of a heat-resistant material and can be used to smother a small fire or wrap around a person who is on fire. Fire blankets are usually stored in an easy-to-access location so that they can be quickly retrieved in an emergency.
How Does a Fire Blanket Work?
When a fire starts, it needs oxygen to keep burning. A fire blanket is used to smother a fire by cutting off its supply of oxygen. They are made of heat-resistant materials, such as fiberglass or kevlar, and they are typically square or rectangular in shape and can be stored in a cabinet or on a wall. Some fire blankets are self-contained, while others need to be attached to a water source.
To use a fire blanket, hold it by the corners and throw it over the fire. Make sure that the entire fire is covered so that no oxygen can get in. If possible, wet the blanket before using it to help smother the fire. Once the fire is extinguished, leave the area immediately and call 911.
There are several different types of fire blankets available on the market, each designed for a specific purpose. Below is a list of the most common types and their applications:
- Standard Fire Blanket: The standard fire blanket is the most versatile and can be used in a variety of situations. It is made from a flame-resistant material and can be used to smother small fires or to protect individuals from flames and heat.
- Smoke Blanket: A smoke blanket is specifically designed to trap smoke and prevent it from spreading. This type of blanket is often used in commercial kitchens to prevent grease fires from spreading.
- Thermal Fire Blanket: A thermal fire blanket is made from a special material that reflects heat, making it ideal for protecting individuals from radiant heat sources such as welding torches or hot coals.
- Class A Fire Blanket: A Class A fire blanket is specially rated for use on Class A fires, which are those involving ordinary combustibles such as paper, wood, or cloth. Class A blankets are typically made from wool or other natural fibers that will not burn easily.
Ways to Use It
• Identify the type of fire: Before using a fire blanket, you need to identify the type of fire you are dealing with. Fire can be classified into different types based on the material that is burning. The most common types of fires are Class A, B, and C. Class A fires involve materials like wood, paper, or cloth. Class B fires involve flammable liquids like gasoline or oil. Class C fires involve electrical equipment. Knowing the type of fire will help you determine whether a fire blanket is the best tool to use.
• Keep the fire blanket accessible: A fire blanket should always be kept in a location that is easily accessible. Ideally, it should be stored near the area where the most fires are likely to occur, such as the kitchen or workshop. Make sure everyone in the house or workplace knows where the fire blanket is located and how to use it.
• Use the fire blanket to smother the flames: If you are dealing with a Class A fire, you can use a fire blanket to smother the flames. Simply unfold the blanket and place it over the fire. Make sure the entire fire is covered by the blanket. Leave the blanket in place until the fire is completely extinguished. If the fire is too large to be covered by the blanket, evacuate the area immediately and call the fire department.
• Use the fire blanket to wrap around a person: In the event that a person’s clothes catch fire, you can use a fire blanket to wrap around them to extinguish the flames. The person should be instructed to drop to the ground and roll to smother the flames, and then wrap the fire blanket around themselves.
• Use the fire blanket to protect yourself: If you need to evacuate a building that is on fire, you can use a fire blanket to protect yourself. Hold the blanket over your head and body as you make your way out of the building. This will help protect you from heat and flames.
• Make sure the fire blanket is big enough: When purchasing a fire blanket, make sure it is big enough to cover the largest potential fire you may encounter. A fire blanket that is too small may not be effective in extinguishing the fire.
• Follow the manufacturer’s instructions: Always read the manufacturer’s instructions before using a fire blanket. This will ensure that you are using it correctly and safely. If the instructions are not clear, contact the manufacturer for clarification.
• Train employees on the proper use of fire blankets: If you are a business owner, it is important to train your employees on the proper use of fire blankets. This will ensure that they know how to use them in the event of a fire. Conduct regular fire drills to ensure that everyone knows what to do in case of a fire.
• Replace the fire blanket after use: If you have used a fire blanket to extinguish a fire, it should be replaced. This is because the blanket may be damaged or contaminated, and may not be effective in extinguishing another fire.
• Have a backup plan: While a fire blanket is an effective tool for extinguishing small fires, it should not be relied upon as the only method of fire protection. Make sure you have smoke detectors, fire extinguishers, and an evacuation plan in place in case of a fire.
Fire blankets are an essential item to have in your home or workplace. They can help protect you from the flames of a fire, reduce heat, and smother smaller fires before they spread. It is important to be aware of where your fire blanket is located so that it can easily be accessed in case of an emergency. Remember to practice proper maintenance such as checking for wear and tear and replacing old or damaged fire blankets regularly. By having a fire blanket ready at all times, you can ensure safety and peace of mind when faced with potential danger from fires.